When it comes to life insurance policies, there are two main types: term life insurance and permanent life insurance.
Term life insurance is the simpler and more affordable option of the two. It provides coverage for a specific time period (or term) and pays out a death benefit if the policyholder passes away during that time. Term life insurance is affordable because it doesn't build cash value, unlike permanent life insurance policies. If the policyholder outlives the term, the coverage ends, and the premiums paid over the years are essentially forfeited. This type of insurance is a popular choice for people who are looking for coverage during a specific time period, such as when their children are young or when they have a mortgage to pay off.
Permanent life insurance, as the name suggests, provides coverage for the policyholder's entire life. These policies not only pay out a death benefit, but they can also accumulate cash value over time, similar to a savings account. Permanent life insurance policies can be divided into two categories - whole life and universal life. Whole life insurance provides a set premium and death benefit that remain the same throughout the policyholder's life. Universal life insurance, on the other hand, offers more flexibility in premium payments and death benefits. The cash value component in these policies can be invested in various ways, allowing the policyholder to earn interest or dividends on the money.
Ultimately, the choice between term and permanent life insurance policies depends on several factors. If you're looking for affordable coverage for a specific period of time, term life insurance is likely the better option. However, if you want lifelong coverage and the added benefit of building cash value, a permanent life insurance policy may be more suitable. It's important to do your research and speak with a financial advisor or insurance agent to determine what type of policy is best for your unique situation.